In chemistry, orbital hybridisation (or hybridization) is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals (with different energies, shapes, etc., than the component atomic orbitals) suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in valence bond theory.
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• Understand the different types of orbital hybridization. • Understand the relationship between hybridization and molecular geometry • Determine the effect of multiple bonds. • Be able to predict the type of hybridization in given covalent compounds. • Know the different types of intermolecular forces.
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This video explains the sp3d2 hybridization with the help of some examples. Each example is discussed with its electronic configuration, orbital geometry and...
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Quickly determining orbital hybridization around central atom: count #bonds + #lone pairs NH3: 3 bonds, 1 LPs = 4 = sp3 XeF4: 4 bonds, 2 LPs ^So we need six hybrid orbitals to hold those electrons: s, p, p, p, d, and d. -That's an sp3d2 hybrid.
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Possible structures for XeF4 (Z 80) The structures of various compounds of xenon (Z 192) 7. MOLECULAR GEOMETRY AND HYBRIDIZATION: NONMETAL CHEMISTRY: 18. HYDROGEN CHEMISTRY AND NONMETAL OXIDATION NUMBERS: Electron configurations of the first 18 elements (H 15) The formation of sp hybrid orbitals (Z 91) The formation of sp2 hybrid orbitals (Z 86)